Minor Introduction to Scientific Research



Campus SophiaTech (or distancial according to sanitary situations)




24 students


This  minor is also open to students from the SPECTRUM graduate school.



The student will learn not only how to conduct research, but more generally how to approach a subject rationally, to take a critical view on the literature available on the subject, to provide his or her own reflections supported by experience, and also to know how to communicate them.The hindsight that this course provides on what science is (or is not) should be part of the skills of any scientist, not only researchers.

Everything you always wanted to know about research ... but were afraid to ask.

Becoming a researcher is a professional qualification. Science requires curiosity, original thinking, rigour, experimentation and critical analysis of results. But for centuries now, science progresses have led to ever stronger organizations at the international scale, scientists’ professional networks, shared practices and rules. In a both competitive and collaborative and frontier-less research environment, conducting visible and relevant scientific research requires a strong methodology and conforming to international standards.

The course will cover the following topics:

  • Definition of scientific research, scientific methodology and the interactions between science and society. Ethics of scientific research.
  • Acquiring a background on a scientific topic, analysing the state-of-the-art, compiling a bibliography, publishing scientific results, facing the evaluation of scientific work by peer scientists and presenting scientific activity to a specialized audience.
  • Planning, conducting and analysing scientific experiments.
  • Scientific environment, collaborations, research funding and interaction between academic institutions and industry.


  • Epistemology, "What is science?"
  • A job of passion
  • Bibliographical research
  • Methods for conducting research
  • PhD and its career opportunities
  • Conducting experiments
  • Scientific writing
  • Scientific collaborations
  • Digital deontology

With the Information Technologies Doctoral School

  • Dec, 16: Home written report submission deadline
  • Dec, 16, 9h00-12h15 - Oral in classroom - Room O+106 - Templiers 1 - Campus SophiaTech


Autumn 2021 (last update: August, 31)
Mind the evaluation modalities and deadlines in the "Evaluation" tab above.


Time slot



Course title

Oct 14 9h00-12h15 O+106 - Templiers 1 - Campus SophiaTech 9h00-9h15 - Gilles Bernot Welcome, Course goals and outline, evaluation modalities
9h15-10h45 - Eric Picholle Epistemology, "What is science?"
11h00-12h15 - Anne-Laure Simonelli Research: a job of passion
Oct 21 9h00-12h15 O+106 - Templiers 1 - Campus SophiaTech 9h00-10h30 - Marco Winckler Methods for conducting research - Bibliography 1
10h45-12h15 - Sid Touati Bibliography 2
Oct 28 9h00-12h15 O+106 - Templiers 1 - Campus SophiaTech 9h00-9h30 - Gilles Bernot Bibliographic analysis on a given list of articles
9h45-12h15 - Fabien Ferrero Scientific writing
Nov 18 9h00-12h15 O+106 - Templiers 1 - Campus SophiaTech Sid Touati Statistical aspects of experimentation
Nov 25 9h00-12h15 O+106 - Templiers 1 - Campus SophiaTech Claire Migliaccio and Sid Touati Experimentation workshop
Dec 2 9h00-12h15 O+106 - Templiers 1 - Campus SophiaTech 9h00-10h30 - Anana Postoaca Digital deontology
10h45-12h15 - Anne-Laure Simonelli PhD and its career opportunities
Dec 9 9h00-12h15 O+106 - Templiers 1 - Campus SophiaTech 9h00-10h30 - Fabien Ferrero Scientific collaborations
10h45-12h15 - Gilles Bernot Article analysis: last questions
Dec 16 9h00-12h15 O+106 - Templiers 1 - Campus SophiaTech Jury Evaluation: oral