Minor Introduction to Scientific Research



Campus SophiaTech (or distancial according to sanitary situations)




24 students


This  minor is also open to students from the SPECTRUM graduate school.



The student will learn not only how to conduct research, but more generally how to approach a subject rationally, to take a critical view on the literature available on the subject, to provide his or her own reflections supported by experience, and also to know how to communicate them.The hindsight that this course provides on what science is (or is not) should be part of the skills of any scientist, not only researchers.

Everything you always wanted to know about research ... but were afraid to ask.

Becoming a researcher is a professional qualification. Science requires curiosity, original thinking, rigour, experimentation and critical analysis of results. But for centuries now, science progresses have led to ever stronger organizations at the international scale, scientists’ professional networks, shared practices and rules. In a both competitive and collaborative and frontier-less research environment, conducting visible and relevant scientific research requires a strong methodology and conforming to international standards.

The course will cover the following topics:

  • Definition of scientific research, scientific methodology and the interactions between science and society. Ethics of scientific research.
  • Acquiring a background on a scientific topic, analysing the state-of-the-art, compiling a bibliography, publishing scientific results, facing the evaluation of scientific work by peer scientists and presenting scientific activity to a specialized audience.
  • Planning, conducting and analysing scientific experiments.
  • Scientific environment, collaborations, research funding and interaction between academic institutions and industry.


  • Epistemology, "What is science?"
  • A job of passion
  • Bibliographical research
  • Methods for conducting research
  • PhD and its career opportunities
  • Conducting experiments
  • Scientific writing
  • Scientific collaborations
  • Digital deontology

With the Information Technologies Doctoral School


More information soon...


Autumn 2021 (last update: June, 11)


Time slot



Course title

Oct 14 Gilles Bernot Course goals and outline, evaluation modalities
Eric Picholle Epistemology, "What is science?"
Anne-Laure Simonelli Research: a job of passion
Oct 21 Marco Winckler Methods for conducting research - Bibliography 1
Sid Touati Bibliography 2
Oct 28 Gilles Bernot Bibliographic analysis on a given list of articles
Fabien Ferrero Scientific writing
Nov 18 Sid Touati Statistical aspects of experimentation
Nov 25 Marco Winckler Experimentation workshop
Dec 2 Anana Postoaca Digital deontology
Anne-Laure Simonelli PhD and its career opportunities
Dec 9 Fabien Ferrero Scientific collaborations
Gilles Bernot Literature review workshop
Dec 16 Gilles Bernot and Anne-Laure Simonelli Evaluation: Final oral exam