Minor Quantum Engineering

Coordinated by: Virginia D'Auria (Maître de conférence, Université Côte d'Azur, INPHYNI)




Campus Valrose


  • Scientific bachelor, with some basic linear algebra
  • English level : B1 (test your English)


20 students

About this minor

The pedagogical level will take into account the background of all the students; this can induce small changes in the way concepts are presented. 



You will be able to understand how some main quantum technologies are implemented. Based on your personal background, understand what classical technologies are needed to implement them and how, viceversa, your discipline stimulates or enables the development of quantum technologies.

New quantum technologies are at the hearth of ambitious research program, with important funding from governments and private actors. In view of future commercial realizations, a very practical question arises: how do we implement operational quantum devices? After a brief overview of quantum technologies and their applications, this course aims at answering this question. It will present the technical difficulties related to the realization of some key quantum systems as well as current proposed solutions, either already existing or under development.  
The implementation of quantum devices requires a broad spectrum of skills at the interface between physics and engineering (electronics, materials science, superconductors, signal processing...). The course will emphasize in particular the cross-disciplinary skills that are in great demand in the quantum industry, but which can also be applied to a wide variety of non-quantum problems and thus have a very wide range of applications.  
During this course, in parallel to the lectures, concrete cases will be studied by the students (articles, online demonstrators, etc.) and a visit to a laboratory may be scheduled.  
No previous knowledge of quantum physics will be requested. The fundamentals of quantum technologies will be presented in an accessible way to science students through a mix of lectures and tutorials.
The course will focus in particular on their practical interest in very different disciplines (chemistry, computer science, biology, electronics, physics ...).  
It should be noted that a second course entitled “Quantum Technologies” is also available during the next semester and focusing on the fundamental concepts of quantum physics and quantum technologies.  


Chapter 1: Enabling technologies

  • Single photon sources and detectors
  • Superconducting Qbit
  • Integrated circuits

Chapter 2: Nanotechnologies for quantum devices

  • Cleanroom
  • Semiconductor processing

Chapter 3: State of the art of quantum circuits

  • Advanced Photonic circuits
  • Circuits based on supercondcuting Qbits

Chapter 4: Two-Photon Interference

  • Classical Interferometry
  • Correlation Functions
  • The Hong–Ou–Mandel Dip
  • The Franson Interferometer
  • Double-Crystal Experiments and Induced Coherence

Chapter 5: Quantum Metrology

  • Quantum Optical Coherence Tomography
  • Mimicking Quantum OCT with Classical Light
  • Quantum Lithography and NOON States
  • Phase Measurements and Fundamental Measurement Limits
  • Additional Applications in Metrology

Chapter 6: Basic physics of cold atoms

  • Cold atoms: what and what for?
    • Basics of light-atom interaction
    • Radiation pressure, Zeeman slower
    • Doppler cooling, magneto-optical trap
    • Subdoppler cooling, density limitation, imaging
    • Cold-atom experiments in practice
  • Conservative traps and cooling to quantum degeneracy
    • Ion traps
    • Conservative traps for neutral atoms
    • Evaporative cooling
    • Bose-Einstein condensation
    • Modern topics with quantum gases  

Chapter 7: Application of cold atoms and ions

  • Quantum metrology: atomic clocks, inertial sensors, other sensors
  • Quantum communication: quantum memories
  • Quantum simulation: with Rydberg atoms, with ions
  • Quantum computation: with Rydberg atoms, with ions
  • Tour of the cold-atom labs at INPHYNI  

Chapter 8: Evaluation - Students’ presentation on a given case study

  • William Guerin (Université Côte d'Azur, INPHYNI)
  • Laurent Labonté (Université Côte d'Azur, INPHYNI)
  • Fabrice Raineri (Université Côte d'Azur, INPHYNI)
  • Presence and oral participation: 30/11/2023, 9h00 (room on Campus Valrose to be defined) - 20 % of the final grade
  • Written exam: 7/12/2023, 9h00 (room on Campus Valrose to be defined) - 80 % of the final grade

SCHEDULE FALL 2023 (updated Aug, 31)

Mind the evaluation modalities and deadlines in the "Evaluation" tab above.


Time slot

Course title



12/10/2023 9h00-12h00 1 - Enabling technologies Fabrice Raineri Campus Valrose, room to be defined
19/10/2023 9h00-12h00 2 - Nanotechnologies for quantum devices Fabrice Raineri Campus Valrose, room to be defined
26/10/2023 9h00-12h00 3 - State of the art of quantum circuits Fabrice Raineri Campus Valrose, room to be defined
9/11/2023 9h00-12h00 4 - Two-Photon Interference Laurent Labonté Campus Valrose, room to be defined
16/11/2023 9h00-12h00 5 - Quantum Metrology Laurent Labonté Campus Valrose, room to be defined
23/11/2023 9h00-12h00 6 - Basic physics of cold atoms William Guerin Campus Valrose, room to be defined
30/11/2023 9h00-12h00 7 - Application of cold atoms and ions William Guerin Campus Valrose, room to be defined
7/12/2023 9h00-12h00 8 - Evaluation Fabrice Raineri and Laurent Labonté Campus Valrose, room to be defined